Vulnerability to labour exploitation in MIDEQ migration corridor: from Burkina Faso to Côte d’Ivoire

This working paper was authored by Lorraine Wong, Elizabeth Weathersby and Gady Saiovici of the International Labour Organization (ILO).


Extensive literature on the working conditions of migrants finds a higher prevalence of labour exploitation and forced labour among migrants than non-migrants. Using data from the MIDEQ survey on migrants from Burkina Faso residing in Côte d’Ivoire in 2021, we find descriptive evidence that financial safety net reduces the likelihood of involuntary work – without the free and informed consent of the worker. We find that emotional safety net increases employment. Social inclusion has no discernible effect on involuntary work and employment. Our findings suggest that migrants’ access to financial and emotional support promote decent working conditions.