Millions of workers and their families move between the countries of the Global South each year, seeking to reduce what they see as the gap between their own position and people in other, wealthier places.
Migration has the potential to reduce inequalities and contribute to development. Yet increased barriers to migration, irregular and precarious journeys, poor labour conditions and a lack of rights for migrants and their families mean that this is neither straightforward or inevitable. Meanwhile the impact of migration on relational income equalities with and between countries of origin and destination is poorly understood.
Our research examines:
- The ways in which income inequalities contribute to patterns of migration, for example by pushing people who are economically excluded to move or providing increased opportunities for those with sufficient resources.
- The mechanisms by which resources are transferred back to places of origin and their impact on poverty and income inequalities.
- The impacts of migration on patterns of inequality in places to which people move, including the socio-economic position of migrants in the corridor relative to other populations.
- The ways in which migration within each corridor shapes poverty and income inequalities between origin and destination countries.